Flooding is an indispensable operation in wireless ad hoc networks. The traditional flooding scheme generates excessive redundant packet retransmissions. In this paper, we propose an efficient flooding protocol that consumes less energy, reduces the number of forwarding nodes almost to that of the benchmark, but maintains a high delivery ratio.
The UAV swarm evolution process of this study creates different data transfer methods depending on the separation of non-swarm devices and the communication range of the swarm members. This paper also explores the resilience of the swarm to agent loss, and the scalability of the swarm in a range of environment sizes.
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