Bob James is a graduate of Adelaide University ? BE and BSc. He is an independent consultant who has worked at senior levels in the communications industry in Australia, Asia and Europe. He was Director of Product Technology and Group General Manager Strategic Development in Telstra and more recently worked for Nokia Siemens Networks as a Principal Consultant. He has been closely involved in every stage of the NBN including an early bid to the Commonwealth, working with NBN Co as a supplier, and has recently assisted various state and commonwealth departments understand the implications of the shift to an NBN.